Eastern & Southern Africa

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Africa (regional)

Africa

The SDC Global Program Food Security has started two new regional post-harvest programs in Africa.
They are implemented by 1) FAO/IFAD/WFP and 2) Helvetas Swiss Intercooperatio/FANRPAN/AFAAS/Agridea.

Oveview of context and aims of the programs
Information by Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation

Contact
Markus Bürli
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
Freiburgstrasse 130, 3003 Bern, Switzerland
Phone.: +41 31 322 34 75
Fax: +41 31 324 16 91
E-mail: markus.buerli@eda.admin.ch
Web: http://www.sdc.admin.ch


Ethiopia

Ethiopia

The SDC Global Program Food Security has started a new post-harvest program in Ethiopia.

Duration: 2012 - 2021
Budget: CHF 8 million
Implementing Partner: FAO Ethiopia

Overview of program aims and context

Contact
Markus Bürli
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
Freiburgstrasse 130, 3003 Bern, Switzerland
Phone.: +41 31 322 34 75
Fax: +41 31 324 16 91
E-mail: markus.buerli@eda.admin.ch
Web: http://www.sdc.admin.ch/


Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe

kenya_malawi_zambia_zimbabwe.gif

In 2008 SDC started the post-harvest program "Effective Grain Storage for Sustainable Livelihood of African Farmers". The first phase (2008-2011), implemented by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), introduced metal silo technology in Kenya and Malawi. In a second phase (2012-2016) the program will be up-scaled and extended to Zambia and Zimbabwe. Alternative technologies to avoid post-harvest losses will also be used.

Phase 1 (2008-2011)

South-south cooperation in metal silo productionThe project successfully introduced the development and deployment of metal silo technology in Kenya (Embu and Homa Bay districts) and Malawi (Dowa and Mchinij districts), in collaboration with Catholic diocese of Embu and Homa Bay in Kenya and World Vision International in Malawi.

The project targeted training of farmers, trainers, and artisans in metal silo construction in order to provide farmers with better alternative storage solutions. In collaboration with SDC, training of trainers was performed through South-South Cooperation in 2009. The trainers came from El Salvador, travelled to pilot areas in Kenya and Malawi and trained trainers and artisans on how to fabricate and handle the metal silo.

A total of 4 trainers and 41 artisans were trained so far in Kenya and Malawi; and a total of 45 and 105 metal silos of various capacities were produced and distributed to farmers in Malawi and Kenya, respectively. Though the metal silo technology was primarily targeted for the benefit of smallholder farmers, schools and urban communities in the two countries are also using the metal silos. This helped them to buy grains at peak harvest time when prices are low, and to use it throughout the year. As a result, several countries and organizations in Africa have shown interest or engaged in metal silo production and dissemination. The metal silo was promoted through demonstrations and the media, which directly and indirectly created a critical mass among the stakeholders, including farmers, technicians, artisans, NGOs, ministries and consumers in general.

Phase 2 (2012-2016)

Metal silo production in AfricaPhase 1 showed that metal silo technology is effective in combating losses but remains quite expensive for poor farmers. Policy changes and incentives would provide a conducive environment to increase adoption rates of the technology. In addition, cheaper technologies should be made available to poor farmers - women in particular - to extend by a few months the storage of their harvest.

The second phase of the program will specifically focus on the major maize producing areas of Kenya, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Zambia where insect pests have the greatest impact on maize production, food and income security, and livelihoods. About 16'000 smallholders will be targeted to benefit from metal silos and an additional 24'000 food insecure farmers, particularly women, will be targeted to benefit from post-harvest bags. But the main target will be the respective Ministries of Agriculture in the region so that they do take post-harvest losses into consideration.

Planned outcomes

Target farmers increase uptake of metal silo technology based on lessons learnt in Phase 1

Post-harvest policies in Southern Africa are conducive and harmonised in the long term

Alternative technologies for post-harvest losses are studied and introduced to poor farmers

Key documents
Effective Grain Storage for Sustainable Livelihoods of African Farmers in Kenya, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe: April 2012 – March 2016
SDC, 2012
PDF, 98 KB
Effective Grain Storage Project
CIMMYT Project Website

More information
Sharing experiences with effective grain storage in Africa
CIMMYT's Blog, 14 November 2012
Project aiming to reduce post-harvest losses launched in Malawi
CIMMYT's Blog, 17 October 2012
Metal silos and super grain bags improve grain storage in Zimbabwe and Zambia
CIMMYT's Blog, 5 October 2012
Grain storage technologies to reduce post-harvest losses
CIMMYT's Blog, 16 July 2012
Can metal silo technology offer solution to grain storage and food security problem in developing countries? An Impact evaluation from Kenya
Zachary M. Gitonga, Hugo De Groote, Kassie Menale, Tadele Tefera (CIMMYT), 2012
PDF 697 KB
Benefiting farmers: Metal Silos
Video by CIMMYT, August 2011 (duration: 1:15)
Effective Grain Storage for Better Livelihoods of African Farmers Project: Completion Report June 2008 to February 2011
CIMMYT, May 2011
PDF, 989 KB
Effects of insect population density and storage time on grain damage and weight loss in maize due to the maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais and the larger grain borer Prostephanus truncatus
Tadele Tefera, Stephen Mugo, Paddy Likhayo in: African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 6(10), pp. 2249-2254, 18 May, 2011
PDF, 106 KB
The metal silo: An effective grain storage technology for reducing post-harvest insect and pathogen losses in maize while improving smallholder farmers’ food security in developing countries
Tadele Tefera et al. in: Crop Protection, Volume 30, Issue 3, March 2011, Pages 240–245
Economic Analysis of Alternative Maize Storage Technologies in Kenya
Simon C. Kimenju / Hugo De Groote, CIMMYT, September 2010
PDF, 122 KB
Effective Grain Storage: Success stories 2010
CIMMYT, 2010
PDF, 8026 KB
Metal silo artisans trained in Malawi and Kenya
CIMMYT's Blog, 2 June 2009
Metal Silos: Refrigerators for the Poor
SDC, 20 June 2008
Report on the Postharvest Workshop in Migori District, Kenya
Hans Sieber (SDC), November 1998
PDF, 1650 KB

Contact
Philippe Monteil
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
Freiburgstrasse 130, 3003 Bern, Switzerland
Phone.: +41 31 322 34 75
Fax: +41 31 324 16 91
E-mail: philippe.monteil@eda.admin.ch
Web: http://www.sdc.admin.ch/


Mozambique

Mozambique

From November 2009 until October 2011 Helvetas has implemented the program “Facility for the rapid response to the increases in food prices in developing countries”. Its objective has been to provide a fast response to the food insecurity of rural households by using local low-cost technologies for the multiplication and storage of seeds in the communities. The programme has centered on post-harvest measures, the local production of seeds and community seed banks.

Without access to quality seeds, subsistence farmers practicing rain-fed agriculture continue recycling grain that has been exhausted after generations of cultivation, producing poor yields. Additionally, these yields are subject to considerable storage losses. This situation causes 22 percent of rural households to run out of stocks and suffer from food shortages during the dry period. Due to climate change the duration of this 'hunger period' is likely to increase.

The post-harvest measures of the Helvetas programe resulted in the construction of improved household granaries as well as low-cost silos for the safe storage of food. Helvetas Mozambique proposed "zero-emission fridges" providing storage facilities for community-owned seed banks. These distribute quality seeds of improved crop varieties and serve as a social safety net for more than 10,000 rural households.

Zero Emission Fridge for Rural Africa (Photo: Helvetas Mozambique)Gilberto Tehetere, a native farmer from the Cabo Delgado Province, invented the "Zero Emission Fridge for Rural Africa" (ZEFRA) by reconstructing a silo using only locally available low-cost materials and applying traditional construction techniques. The basic design of the ZEFRA is a weaved bamboo structure, meticulously covered with clay all-around. The shape is cylindrical and the two openings (for filling and emptying) are closed with tightly fitting clay-covered hatches. The "fridge" stands on a base that incorporates vermin traps to protect the 250 kg of grain from rates and mice. It is kept under a simple shelter to maintain it cool and dry.

More information
Construction of the Zero Emission Fridge for Rural Africa
Videos by Helvetas Mozambique
Fighting famine with simple storage facilities in Mozambique
Short project description by Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation
Feasibility Study of Post Harvest Project in Mozambique and Tanzania
Jonathan Coulter (NRI), Kurt Schneider (Helvetas), May 2004
PDF, 668 KB


Tanzania

Tanzania SDC has started a new post-harvest project in Tanzania.

Duration: 2013 - 2021
Budget: CHF 10.8 million
Implementing partner: HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation

Overview of program aims and context

Contact
Philippe Monteil
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
Freiburgstrasse 130, 3003 Bern, Switzerland
Phone.: +41 31 322 34 75
Fax: +41 31 324 16 91
E-mail: philippe.monteil@eda.admin.ch
Web: http://www.sdc.admin.ch/